Since ancient times the Egyptian has used a shaduf to irrgate the fields. There is a good example of a tomb painting from Deir el Medina , the tomb of Ipuy, that was in the time of Ramses.
Skip forward three thousand years to 2011 and meet Mohammed, he has a small plot of land in Luxor which is still watered using a shaduf, the video clip shows it in operation.
A shaduf is a simply but effective method of raising water from a lower level, often a canal, to a higher level, usually a field. Shadufs are shown on ancient egyptian tombs and have be in use in Egypt for 5 thousand years. Often today they have been replaced by diesel pumps.